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Financial Planning in Your 20s: Building the Foundations of Wealth

September 28, 2023

Your 20s are a whirlwind of newfound independence, career aspirations, and exciting adventures. Amidst all the excitement, it's easy to overlook one crucial aspect: your finances. Yet, this is precisely the time when you have a golden opportunity to establish a strong financial foundation. So, let's dive into the key steps of financial planning in your 20s.

  1. Get on a Budget

Budgeting might not sound thrilling, but it's the cornerstone of financial success. Creating a budget allows you to track your income and expenses, providing invaluable insights into your spending habits. A good rule of thumb is keeping your fixed expenses at or below 50% of your after-tax income. Fixed expenses include mortgage/rent, utilities, transportation, insurance, and groceries. This allows the other 50% to go to paying off debt, saving, investing, and wants.

By budgeting diligently, you can identify areas where you can cut back and allocate more funds toward debt, savings, and investments. Apps make this process more accessible than ever, empowering you to manage your money with ease.

  1. Pay Off Consumer Debt

Consumer debt, like credit cards, student loans, personal loans, and car loans, can be a financial burden. High-interest rates on these debts can create a significant drag on your personal finances. Your 20s are the perfect time to make a plan to eliminate this financial burden.

Once you are consumer debt-free, you'll have more disposable income to put towards savings and investments, supercharging your journey to financial freedom.

  1. Build an Emergency Fund

Life is unpredictable, and unexpected expenses can arise at any time. This is where your emergency fund steps in as your financial safety net. If you still have consumer debt, you should have a base emergency fund of $2,500. All other cash should go to paying off consumer debt.

Once you are out of consumer debt, your emergency fund should cover 3 to 6 months of living expenses. It ensures that you're financially prepared to handle life's curveballs without resorting to high-interest loans or credit cards.

  1. Invest 15% of Your Income

One of the most powerful wealth-building tools at your disposal is time. And in your 20s, time is on your side. By investing a portion of your income early, you can harness the magic of compounding interest.

After you have established a base emergency fund, make sure you are contributing enough to get your full employer match. Once all consumer debt is paid off and you have an emergency fund of 3 to 6 months of expenses, you should invest at least 15% of your gross income in retirement accounts like a 401(k) or Roth IRA. This percentage does not include any employer matches or contributions. 

The key here is consistency. Your 20s are the perfect time to adopt a 'pay yourself first' mentality. By prioritizing savings and investments, you'll set a solid financial foundation that will continue to grow over the years.

Saving for a home?

If you are saving for a down payment on a house, that falls after paying off your consumer debt, building a full emergency fund, and getting your employer match. After those are complete, all extra savings can be put towards a down payment.

Your 20s are a unique and opportune time to build a strong financial foundation. Establishing a budget, paying off consumer debt, building an emergency fund, and investing consistently are the cornerstones of a secure financial future. While it may seem daunting, these steps are entirely achievable with the right mindset and a commitment to your financial well-being. By taking these actions now, you'll be well on your way to financial success in your 30s, 40s, and beyond. Remember, time is your most valuable asset.

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